Resolutions play a critically important part of AMUNC's success because they form the agenda for the Security Council and the four General Assembly Committees. Remember that all resolutions must be submitted prior to the start of the conference so that they can be properly ordered. No resolutions will be accepted for consideration once the conference begins. Please consult the directions below carefully as you prepare your resolution for submission to the Secretariat.
Step 1: Pick a Topic or Issue
Before you can write a resolution you need to select a topic or issue, and then learn about both the issue and your country’s position on the issue. Once you have identified a topic/issue and researched your country's position, it is up to you to decide what position you would like the United Nations to adopt on your issue. You may also want to request that the UN engage in research or funding, request specific UN actions, or ask the UN to express opinions.
It is often helpful to consult the United Nations website and other sources to identify the actions and decisions that have already been taken on your chosen issue. While you certainly do not want to replicate an existing resolution, this is a helpful step in learning what has occurred.
Step 2: Write Your Resolution
Once you are ready to write your resolution you need to come up with a title that accurately and succinctly describes the issue and purpose of the resolution. The resolution, itself, must be a long, one-sentence statement, and begins with preambular clauses and are followed by operative clauses that call for some specific action or actions.
The purpose of preambular clauses is to educate the committee about the issue. You can take many approaches to preambular clauses but good resolutions typically address one or more of the following. They explain the issue’s history, and/or cite relevant examples and facts, and/or refer to previous United Nations or international action on the issue, and/or refer to existing treaties and other international documents related to the issue.
Here are some possible preambular clauses: Affirming, Aware of, Bearing in mind, Declaring, Emphasizing, Guided by, Noting with deep concern, Noting further, Observing, Realizing, Recalling, Taking note
Here are some possible operative phrases: Calls upon, Confirms, Deplores, Encourages, Expresses its hope, Further requests, Proclaims, Recommends, Requests, Strongly affirms, Supports, Urges
The format of your resolution should look something like:
Your committee's name
Your country’s name
Title of the Resolution in bold (you make it up)
The name of the body that will take final action on the resolution if it passes the committee should be in italics (i.e., either The Security Council or The General Assembly),
Then write the perambular clauses, starting each in italics and following each sentence with a comma. Try to use these clauses to educate your fellow delegates about the issue, and to “set the stage” for the recommendations that follow.
Then write the operative clauses, starting each in italics and following each clause with a semi-colon, except the last one, which ends with a period.
Step 3: Submit Your Resolution
Resolutions also need to conform to the following guidelines (adopted from the Arrowhead Conference’s General Administrative Rule 11):
- Each delegate may submit one (1) resolution for his/her committee’s consideration.
- Resolutions submitted by member-state delegations must accurately reflect the policy positions of their respective governments.
- The Secretariat has full discretion regarding determinations about whether a resolution shall be included in the agenda, and where it shall be placed on the agenda. Decisions of the Secretariat shall be final.
After consulting the rules and conducting research, each participant should submit a resolution. Resolutions must be submitted on or before March 17, 2017 to be guaranteed to be a committee agenda item. Resolutions submitted after March 17, 2017 will be added to the end of a committee's agenda in the order in which they are received.